Single parents receive special treatment with regard to income tax. This help comes in the form of tax relief for single parents (Entlastungsbetrag). This is an additional tax allowance of 1908 euros.
The amount of tax relief increases by 240 euros for each further child, starting with the second child. The 1908 euros in tax relief is automatically applied to those in tax class II, the tax class for single parents.
The increases for further children are, upon request, added to your wages tax card as a tax allowance by the local tax office.
Further detailed information on the individual benefits and assistance available can be found on the website of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs and the Familienportal. You can also use the online tool provided by the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs. This allows you to enter a few details and find out which family benefits you may be eligible to receive.